About the Foundation编辑
The Wikimedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in the USA, hosting websites known as the "Wikimedia projects", including Wikipedia and Wikinews, as well as this website, Meta-Wiki. The Wikimedia Foundation is governed by Board of Trustees. Since January 2008, the Wikimedia Foundation has its office in San Francisco, USA. Its former headquarters in St. Petersburg, Florida was closed on January 31, 2008. Official information about the Foundation may be found at the Foundation website: wikimediafoundation.org.
Board of trustees编辑
The Wikimedia Board of Trustees manages the nonprofit and supervise the disposition and solicitation of nonprofit donations. The Board of Trustees are the ultimate corporate authority in the Wikimedia Foundation Inc. (article IV, sec. 1). The Board has the power to direct the activities of the foundation. It also has the power to amend the corporate bylaws (article X, sec. 1). The Board consists of seven directors.
The bylaws of Wikimedia Foundation Inc. have been posted on the Foundation's main web site: bylaws.pdf (on-wiki version). A Wikimedia board must exist, by law, to manage the nonprofit and supervise the disposition and solicitation of nonprofit donations.
The current Board members are:
- Michael Snow, Chair (term to be held until chapters make their own appointment)
- Jimmy Wales, Chairman Emeritus (term until December 2009)
- Jan-Bart de Vreede, Vice-chair (term until December 2009)
- Domas Mituzas, Executive Secretary (to be held until chapters make their own appointment)
- Stu West, Treasurer (term until December 2009)
- Kat Walsh (term until July 2009)
- Ting Chen (term until July 2009)
The Wikimedia board manual provides an overview of the role of the Board and its duties.
Channels of discussion编辑
The Wikimedia Foundation is managed thanks to the use of
- Meta-Wiki for discussion and organisation of all public issues. This wiki is entirely public and editable by everyone and is also multilingual.
- wikimediafoundation.org is the official website of the Foundation. This wiki is entirely public, but access is only granted to trusted members of the community. We try to translate pages in several languages. Feedback about this website may be offered on the Meta-Wiki at the Wikimedia site feedback page.
- foundation-l is a public mailing list for the community to discuss topic related to the Foundation and its projects
- internal-l is a non public mailing list, with access restricted to board members and officers.
- private-l is another private mailing list may also be used to discuss technical issues among the Foundation.
- OTRS is a ticketing system that is used by Wikimedia Foundation staff and volunteers to handle emails from the public.
What do we spend money on编辑
- For a more detailed explanation of this section, please see Budget.
One of the main expenses for the Foundation is hardware. This includes software and servers for the clusters in Amsterdam, Florida and Seoul.
- For the description of the hardware that powers Wikimedia, please see Wikimedia servers.
- Frequently updated status of this hardware is available at the separate wiki where the developers often communicate and log work.
We already own some of our active and secondary/tangentially-related domain names, while others are still free or already owned.
Where does the money come from编辑
The Wikimedia Foundation is operated and run using monies raised with fundraising and other donations. For more information, please see the donations page.
Local chapters are country-based independent Wikimedia user associations. Visit the Wikimedia chapters page for more information about the existing chapters. If you wish to start a chapter or are looking for more information about chapters, you may want to contact the Chapters committee.
Wikimedia coordination and projects编辑
Main Wikimedia projects 编辑
|Wikipedia||An encyclopedia containing more than 3 million articles in over 100 languages.|
|Wikimedia Commons||A repository of images, sounds, videos and, generally media, common to all Wikimedia projects, containing more than 4,000,000 files.|
|Wikibooks||A collection of free educational textbooks and learning materials.|
|Wiktionary||A dictionary cataloging meanings, synonyms, etymologies and translations.|
|Wikinews||A news source containing reporting by citizen journalists from many countries.|
|Wikisource||A project to provide and translate free source documents, such as public domain books.|
|Wikiquote||A collection of quotations structured in numerous ways.|
|Wikispecies||A directory of species data on animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, protista and all other forms of life.|
|Wikiversity||A free learning environment for the study of human knowledge.|
Some project history编辑
- September 7, 2004: The Wikimedia Commons was launched.
- December 3, 2004: After a brief demonstration phase in November, the English beta version of Wikinews became operational. Wikinews is meant to be a free content news source which allows anybody to report news on a wide variety of subjects.
- April 2005: 501(c)(3) non-profit status granted by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service with the NTEE Code: B60 (Adult, Continuing Education).
- November 2005: Wikimedia awarded membership in the World Technology Network.
- June 2, 2006: The Wikimedia Incubator was launched.
The early history of Wikipedia was characterized by much chaos and well-meaning strangeness. Wikipedia Governance was conducted, effectively, by Jimmy Wales (Jimbo) alone, with the assistance of mailing list participants.
The broader mandate of the expanding projects being considered, led to a suggestion in a wikien-l message by Sheldon Rampton:
- I think we should go further still and shoot for the ultimate goal of creating "Wikimedia." That's media with an "m." It would use Wiki-style rules to enable public participation in the creation and editing of all kinds of media: encyclopedias and other reference works, current news, books, fiction, music, video etc. Like current broadcast media, it would have differentiated "channels" and "programs," each with self-selecting audiences. Unlike current media, however, the audience would also be actively involved in creating its own programming, instead of merely passively watching it.
The "wikimedia.org" domain name was purchased by mav in waiting for a Wikipedia/Wikimedia non-profit to come into existence to own it.
On June 20, 2003 Jimbo announced the creation of the Wikimedia Foundation which will serve as the parent, non-profit, organization of Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks, and future wiki/FDL projects we add to the "Wikimedia family". See also the English Wikipedia article on Wikimedia: en:Wikimedia Foundation.
The first board of trustees was composed of 5 people, Jimmy Wales, Tim Shell, Michael Davis, Angela Beesley and Florence Devouard. In 2006, Tim and Angela left the board, whilst Erik Moeller, Jan-Bart de Vreede, Kat Walsh and Oscar van Dillen joined it. In October, Florence Devouard became the chair of the board, in replacement of Jimmy Wales. Governance, originally pretty much relying on Jimbo, evolved over the years toward a more community based approach. The first employees joined the organization in 2005, Danny Wool and Brion Vibber.
The organization took a new turn in summer 2007, when Sue Gardner was hired to serve as interim ED. At that point, the staff is made of about 10 people, most in Florida's office and others located in UK, Germany and Netherlands. Most of the committees set up in January 2006 are at this point inactive and abandoned.