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拿著煙斗的男孩

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Template:Infobox Painting 拿着烟斗的男孩Boy with a Pipe)是毕加索于1905年当他24岁的时候创作的一幅油画作品,这时他刚定居于法国巴黎蒙马特区正处于玫瑰时期。这件绘于画布上的油画作品描述了一位带着花环,左手拿着烟斗的巴黎男孩。

简介 编辑

准备 编辑

这幅画作的准备包括确定男孩的位置,毕加索尝试让男孩直立,坐下以及斜靠在墙上。[1]在让男孩尝试了许多不同的位置之后,他决定让男孩坐下。接下来要确定手臂的位置,他同样也花了很多时间来确定手臂的高度以及角度。早期的作品中的除了烟斗之外并没有其他的东西。

尽管毕加索开始着手绘制这幅画,他还是休息了一个月。在这段时期里,毕加索决定画完这幅作品并在男孩的头上加入一个花环。[1]虽然不知道为什么毕加索决定这样做,但这让这幅作品有了一种柔性于刚性的对比。

The boy 编辑

Le Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre is where Picasso was living when he painted the picture. Some of the local people made a living in the entertainment industry, such as being clowns or acrobats. Picasso used many local people in his pictures, but much is unknown about the boy in the picture.

What appears to be fact from comments made from a variety of sources is that the boy was a model in his teen years who hung around Picasso's studio and volunteered to pose for the oil work.[2]

Picasso own comments about the boy was he was one of the:

local types, actors, ladies, gentlemen, delinquents... He stayed there, sometimes the whole day. He watched me work. He loved that.

From this comment, two interpretations can be made. The first is that Picasso did not want us to know who the boy is. The second is Picasso did not really know the boy.

Nevertheless, there has been many reports to say that this boy is “p’tit Louis”,[1][3] or "Little Louis".[4]

Painting elements 编辑

There are several elements about the picture to take into account: a young boy, blue clothes, garland of flowers, the pipe, background colour, and flowers painted in the background.

Legs 编辑

The boy's legs are notably bigger (and thicker) in the picture when compared to the arms. The distortion may have been an error when the picture was being painted, or the boy had very big leg muscles.

Ownership history编辑

The painting was first bought by John Hay Whitney in 1950 for US$30,000.[5][6]

On May 5, 2004 the painting was sold for US$104,168,000 at Sotheby's auction in New York City. Sotheby’s did not say who bought the painting.[6] At the time, it broke the record for the amount paid for an auctioned painting (when inflation is ignored). The amount, US$104 million, includes the auction price of US$93 million plus the auction house’s commission of about US$11 million.[6] The painting was given a pre-sale estimate of US$70 million by the auction house.[5][6]

Many art critics have stated that the painting's high sale price has much more to do with the artist's name than with the merit or historical importance of the painting. The Washington Post's article[7] on the sale contained the following characterisation of the reaction:

Picasso expert Pepe Karmel, reached in New York the morning after the sale, was waxing wroth about the whole affair. "I'm strummed," he said, "that a pleasant, minor painting could command a price appropriate to a real masterwork by Picasso. This just shows how much the marketplace is split from the true values of art."

参见编辑

参考资料编辑

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.safran-arts.com/42day/art/art4apr/art0408.html
  2. http://www.artist-art.com/famous-artist.htm
  3. http://www.esparagon.com/MostExpensivePaintings.htm
  4. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2004/05/06/bapipe06.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/05/06/ixartleft.html
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/3682127.stm
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4910225/
  7. A Record Picasso and the Hype Price of Status Objects, Blake Gopnik, The Washington Post, May 7, 2004

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